Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a procedure which involves checking the genes or chromosomes of the embryos prior to implantation to help identify genetic defects within embryos. This helps to prevent certain genetic diseases or disorders from being passed on to the child before it is transferred.The embryos need to be tested in a lab prior to implantation into the womb, even if the partners have no fertility problems. Embryos which have been tested for genetic defects and are free of the condition will be transferred into womb and allows the identification and transfer of embryos free from aneuploidies to the mother.It also significantly increases pregnancy rates per transfer and reduces the time needed to achieve pregnancy.The embryos used in this procedure are usually created during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF). With PGD testing, embryos created through IVF procedure are cultured in a laboratory for three days until they reach the 8-cell stage. At this stage a blastomere biopsy is done in which one or two of the blastomeres are removed by inserting a micropipette through the zona pellucida which surrounds the embryo.

It is significantly helpful when one or both genetic parents has a known genetic abnormality and testing is performed on an embryo to determine if it also carries a genetic abnormality to the child.PGD provides an alternative to current postconception diagnostic procedures (i.e. chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis) which are usually followed by the difficult decision of abortion if results are unfavorable. It is currently the only options available for avoiding a high risk of having a child affected with a genetic defect prior to implantation.It is consisted two steps, extraction of one or two cells from an IVF-produced embryo and application of the PGD test. PGD is important for doctor and embryology because it has advanced IVF results and allowed couples more opportunities to deliver a healthy child free from any potential genetic defects.

PGD was originally developed in the early 1980s as an alternative to post-implantation prenatal testing. The only other forms of prenatal diagnosis available involved chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and amniocentesis before this technology. Both of these technologies imply the examination of embryos during later stages of fetus development, when the embryo is already developing inside the mother womb. Couples who choose any of these tests must decide whether or not go for abortion if test results suggest positive for a particular genetic disease.In the initial stage of its development, PGD was used as a form of gender selection to avoid having a child with a sex-linked disease. Couples using PGD often choose to have only girls since males are prone to be affected by X-linked genetic disorders. PGD rapidly came to be used for three main groups of inherited disease, single-gene mutations such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia, chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome and sex-linked disorders such as hemophilia.

Although PGD was originally thought to be a mechanism to dispose embryos affected by a particular genetic disease.Some couples have used PGD as a means of creating siblings who can provide transplants for their older siblings.

SCI IVF Hospital and Multi-specialty Center is one of the best places for PGD procedures. This procedure is performed under the supervision of Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour in this hospital.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction or ED is the most common sex problem affect men sexual heath. It affects approximately 30 million men worldwide. ED is defined as trouble getting or keeping the inability to achieve or sustain an erection suitable for sexual intercourse. It can be caused mainly due to chronic illnesses, poor blood flow to the penis (or blood flow in the penis is limited with harmed nerves), medications, drinking too much alcohol, stress or emotional reasons or being too tired. Although, it’s not rare for a man to have some types of erections problems from time to time. It can cause stress, contribute to relationship problems and affect your self-confidence.

ED that is occurring routinely with sex or progressive is not normal and it should be treated. It can also be a risk factor for heart disease and a sign of an underlying health condition that require treatments. Men who have a problem with their sexual health may be reluctant to discuss with their doctor, seeing it can be an embarrassing issue. Consult your doctor without wasting your time, even if you’re embarrassed. Sometimes, treating ED on time is enough to reverse its bad effects. In other cases, your doctor may prescribe medications or other direct treatments.

Symptoms

Erectile dysfunction symptoms might include, trouble getting and keeping an erection that is firm enough for sex and relatively reduced sexual desire. Your doctor or an Urologist can help, if ED becomes a routine and bothersome problem for you. It also can be a primary warning sign of cardiovascular disease indicating the presence of blockages in a man’s vascular system. Some studies have shown that men suffering from ED are at significant risk of getting a stroke, heart attack or circulatory problems in the legs. It also can cause low self-esteem and depression.

Causes

Male sexual stimulation is a complex process that involves the brain, emotions, hormones, nerves, blood vessels and muscles. Problem with any of these can results an erectile dysfunction. Moreover, mental health concerns and stress can also cause or worsen erectile dysfunction. Sometimes a combination of physical and psychological issues can results in erectile dysfunction. For example, a minor physical condition that slows your sexual behaviour might cause anxiety about maintaining an erection. The resulting anxiety can sometimes lead to or worsen erectile dysfunction.

High blood pressure, Parkinson’s disease, treatments for prostate disease, injuries in the pelvic area or spinal cord, hormonal disorders including thyroid conditions and testosterone deficiency and surgical complications can also be the other caused of ED.

Prevention

The best way to avoid erectile dysfunction is to manage any existing health conditions and adopt healthy lifestyle choices. For its prevention:

  • Manage your any existing diseases like heart disease, diabetes or other chronic health conditions.
  • Limit or avoid your alcohol consumption, stop smoking and never use illegal drugs.
  • Visit your health specialist for regular checkups and medical screening tests.
  • Work toward reducing stress.
  • Include exercise in your daily routine.
  • See your health specialist for depression, anxiety or other mental health concerns.

Advantages of the EmbryoScope – Overview

Advantages of the EmbryoScope – Overview

EmbyroScope is an innovative time-lapse technology used to maintain the essential physiological conditions required by a living embryo while they are in the IVF laboratory.It has an integrated time lapse system that has a camera that continuously monitor and analyze the development of embryos and captures images and records them as a video for further use.The specially designed Embryoscope combines an incubator, high resolution camera, built-in microscope and computer software to automatically take several images of the embryos up to every 7 minutes.The time-lapse videos of individual embryos are recorded while at the same time the other embryos keep undisturbed in their stable culture environment.Advanced software allows the embryologist to select the best available single embryo in their stable culture environment with the highest chance of leading to a pregnancy and baby.

Advantages of the EmbryoScope

Advantages of the EmbryoScope

  • Embryoscope supports incredible stable conditions for embryo development by providing an undisturbed culture environment same like those in the human body.
  • It improves embryo selection and de-selection criteria by providing accurate and in-depth information to the embryologists together with the stable and undisturbed culture environment, in order to select embryos with the highest chance of success.
  • It allows an Embryologists to analyze at embryos without taking them out of the incubator which significantly decrease potential stress that may encountered by the embryos.
  • The Embryoscope can be helpful for the improvement IVF success rates. The single selected embryo with highest development potential allows high pregnancy rates including lowering the risks associated with multiple pregnancy.
  • It provides detailed information about the embryo development steps which is not available using a conventional microscope.
  • The selection of embryos with the help of Embryoscope image information has the potential to significantly reduce the miscarriage rates compared with standard methods.
  • With the help of an Embryoscope, an Embryologists can study and analyze more than 7200 minutes of an embryo’s development compared with the standard methods with 6-10 minutes.
  • It provides the parents information about the embryo development and a film record of the medical development of their future child.

Results of Embryoscope

Embryoscope eliminate the need for removing the embryo from the incubator, which ultimately increases the probability of pregnancy chances as there is no need to handle the embryo.It has been found that embryos which follow specific division times and certain appropriate morphological changes have a much better chance of implantation.The chances of implantation are higher in cases in which the selection of embryo done by using Embryoscope technology.

The Embryoscope can be very helpful for the patient undergoing an assisted reproduction treatment. It is a remarkable fact that, the chances of desirable results are higher for patients who have selected more than one embryo, where the best one or two embryos are selected further for the assisted reproduction treatment. However, the stable culture conditions offered by the Embryoscope are likely to be a positive point to all type of patients.

You may contact Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour for your any EmbryoScope related questions. She is recognized as one of the best gynecologists and infertility specialist based in Delhi.

Treatment of Ovulation Disorders – Stimulation and Cycle Monitoring

Treatment of Ovulation Disorders - Stimulation and Cycle Monitoring

Timely release of an egg known as ovulation is an important part of successful fertility in women. Unsuccessful release of an egg by women is one of the major common causes of infertility. Although, there are many cause for ovulation disorders. The efficient development and release of an egg by ovary in a timely systematic way to become pregnant, ovulation induction therapy frequently requires different medications. Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour at SCI Healthcare and SCI IVF Hospital and Multispecialty Center is experts at ovulation induction therapy. With appropriate medications that matched to your specific cause of ovulation disorder, there is pretty high chance that ovulation induction therapy will play a major role in your life to become success in having a child and building your family.

The monitoring and stimulation of the ovulation cycle is an important part of ovulation induction therapy. This is basically done by regular monitoring with ultrasound blood tests. To monitor the effect of the applied medications and to help the doctor to predict when ovulation is most likely to happen, the size of the ovarian follicles and blood hormone levels are utilized. Ovulation induction therapy is generally achieved with an oral medication such as Femara, Clomid or with injectable gonadotropins. In order to ensure that the uterus will be properly prepared for implantation of a fertilized egg, the doctor may recommend progesterone supplemental medications in the second half of ovulation induction cycle.

Tracking of Ovulation induction

Tracking of Ovulation by ultrasound: Ultrasound testing is relatively effective and safe way of tracking ovulation induction. For the accurate measurement and count of follicles and the quantity of eggs which developing in the ovaries, a vaginal ultrasound is performed at specific stages of an ovulation induction cycle. To ensure the highest rate of success, this provide exact time frame for natural intercourse, egg retrieval used for the IVF procedure and for artificial insemination. The ultrasound process is very secure and results in nearly no discomfort and heath related issues. During ultrasound testing, doctor inserts a small transducer into the vagina. To confirm that the ovulation induction successfully occurred, both endocrine test and ultrasound perform a major role.

Measurement of Hormone Blood Levels: Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are produced by the brain that directs the ovaries to function normally. Progesterone (P4) and estradiol (E2) are the hormones produced by the ovary that suggest the function of the ovary. Anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) is a special type of hormone that can evaluate the long term egg quantity. The test of these hormones assists the doctor in Ovulation Induction therapy. They help your doctor to decide how much and which type of fertility medication may results in best ovary response and outcome.

Please make an appointment with Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour (gynecologist and fertility expert physicians) to learn more about your fertility problems and ovulation induction therapy and start building your happy and complete family using the best fertility treatment options available at SCI Healthcare and SCI IVF Hospital and Multispecialty Center.

Types of Ovulation Disorders

Ovulatory disorder is the most common infertility factor for women. Ovulatory disorders can be classified as below:

Class I Ovulation Disorders – Significantly low FSH and LH which obstruct the ovary to ovulate

Class I ovulatory disorders involve women with very low levels of the crucial fertility hormones known as follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) which released by the pituitary gland that are responsible for the grow a follicle which ultimately release an egg. These types of patient can be treated effectively with the application of injectable fertility medications that contain FSH hormone. The required FSH hormone helps the normal ovary to release an egg.  The prospect for successfully pregnancy is very high.

Class II Ovulation Disorders – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

This type of Ovulation Disorders also can be found in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is type of metabolism disorder and it is genetically based. It is particularly of sugar metabolism that spoils egg development and egg follicle as well as ovulation. In such conditions diet with high protein, low carbohydrate is recommended. Ovulation induction and metformin can be helpful in having children. These patients are generally treated with ovulation induction therapy with oral medications such as clomiphene citrate (Clomid), Letrozole (Femara) and generally in combination with gonadotropins containing FSH such as Bravelle, Follistim, Gonal-F and Menopur. Lupron or HCG (Ovidrel) can be used to either trigger the LH surge (Lupron) or mimic the LH surge (hCG).

IVF treatment may be applied to the patient if the patient still unable to conceive after having three ovulatory cycles, do not ovulate with the application of above listed medications or exhibit over-response with excessive number of lead follicles as it is a usual danger with PCOS.

Releasing one follicle is considered far better than no egg. Your doctors will always suggest and help you to avoid any chance multiple gestations as it is considered not a good situation to become pregnant with two or more babies and expected to deliver at same time.

Class III Ovulatory Disorders – Diminished Ovarian Reserve

Female who have abnormally high levels of the essential fertility hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) released from the pituitary gland exhibit this type of ovulatory disorders. To adjust women’s fertility potential and declining function of ovaries and the eggs within them FSH and LH releasing rate is generally high. The Class III disorders includes women having premature ovarian failure with age less than 40 years, older women in perimenopause and women with advanced stages of endometriosis and  past surgery involving at least one ovary. There is a very less chance to have a healthy baby with this type of patient even with use of their own eggs. The doctor may suggest other more aggressive ovulation induction treatment with IVF therapy. The donor egg may be considered for IVF therapy which may results in rather higher pregnancy rates. These types of disorders seen in women with low thyroid hormone levels (hypothyroidism) and high levels of prolactin (the milk secretion hormone). The pituitary gland in the brain release relatively low FSH hormone.

You may contact Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour for your all questions related to Delayed Frozen Embryo Transfer. She is recognized as one of the best gynecologists and infertility specialist based in Delhi.

Methods of Assisted Hatching (AH)

Assisted Hatching is an assisted reproductive technology that can be sometimes done along with in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. It is usually recommended to the women who are facing unexplained IVF failure or for women with a poor prognosis. But Assisted Hatching is not recommended by the American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) as it hasn’t been shown to improve live birth rates and there are also additional costs and risks associated with this technology. There are many different methods available for Assisted Hatching that works differently. Each method involves their own pros and cons and the skill of the technician always matters a lot.

Mechanical hatching:

This method is also known as Partial Zona dissection.With the help of a pipette, the embryologist keeps the embryo steady. A micro-need is used to puncture through the zona pellucida to reach the shell for a bit and then come out the other end. After that, the space between the two punctures is softly rubbed until a small tear take place. But with this method, the control the size of the opening is bit difficult.

Chemical hatching:

This technique involves using mouth controlled acid which is Tyrode on the external surface. Very small amounts of acid are applied to the zona pellucida until the shell is broken. Then the embryo is quickly washed to avoid the harmful effects of acid exposure.

Laser Hatching:

Laser-assisted hatching offers more control on the size of the hole created than mechanical hatching with a needle. In this method, the Zona is pierced by using non-contact mode controlled by a computer. The special designed computer software enables more focus and measurement of embryos and find out a suitable position of embryos. For better performance three different laser intensities – low, medium and high are used.

Drilling:

This technique uses another technology something known as Piezo technology. It this technique vibratory movements are used to create a conical opening.

Assisted hatching by Pronase thinning of Zona pellucid:

In this technique, diluted solution of Pronase is used. The process is starts by transferring of embryos to Pronase diluted solution in the G2 medium. The main goal of this technique is to make thin ZP without removing it completely.

Of all the hatching methods, laser-assisted hatching may be considered as the safest and most effective. A Laser-assisted Hatching is more superior to chemical and manual hatching as it is a safe and gentle way to thin and weaken a small section of the zona pellucida which allow the embryo to hatch.It also offers many advantages including least handling of the embryo and giving fast and exact control over the entrance procedure. But chemical hatching is more commonly used hatching methods. The skill and experience level of the embryologist is an important factor responsible for the success of any methods.

You may Contact Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour for your all Assisted Hatching related questions. She is recognized as one of the best gynecologists and infertility specialist based in Delhi.

Ectopic Pregnancy: Diagnosis and Treatment

Ectopic pregnancies are diagnosed by your doctor, who performed a pelvic exam to locate tenderness, pain or a mass in the abdomen. Your doctor will recommend an ultrasound examination to determine developing fetus in the uterus or elsewhere. The ultrasound can be performed using a wand-like device in your vagina early in pregnancy.It uses sound waves to create images of your fallopian tubes and uterus ovaries. A transvaginal ultrasound images allows your doctor to identify the exact location of your pregnancy. Abdominal ultrasound may also be used to confirm your problems with your pregnancy or evaluate for internal bleeding. The measurement of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) levels also plays an important role. The lower level of an hCG than expected is one of the primary reasons to suspect an Ectopic pregnancy. If your doctor confirms that you have an Ectopic pregnancy, she will recommend you about the best available treatment based on future plans for pregnancy and your present medical condition. Low levels of progesterone in your body could be a sign of an Ectopic pregnancy, so your doctor may also test your progesterone levels for diagnosing an Ectopic pregnancy. Apart from progesterone levels tests, your doctor may perform a culdocentesis, which is a process in which a needle is inserted into a space at the top of the vagina, in front of the rectum and behind the uterus. The sign of blood in this area may suggest bleeding from a ruptured fallopian tube.

Treatment of an Ectopic pregnancy depends on the physical health conditions of the woman and the size and location of the Ectopic pregnancy. The injection of methotrexate could be a treatment against early Ectopic pregnancy case as it stops the growth of the embryo.If the pregnancy is farther along, the fertilization of egg can’t able to develop and survive outside of the uterus. In such conditions the patient immediately needs a surgery to remove the abnormal pregnancy so the tissue has to be removed successfully to safe the patient having serious complications. Few years ago, this complication requires a major operation and requiring a large incision across the pelvic area. But this can still be necessary in cases of extensive internal injury or emergency. Your doctor can apply an injection of methotrexate (Trexall) if your pregnancy hasn’t progressed very far and fallopian tube hasn’t ruptured. It stops the cells from further growth and your body can be able to absorb them. Early detection of Ectopic pregnancies can be treated with methotrexate.If the condition worst and severe a surgery is required. The most common surgery is laparoscopy. In this surgery a very small incisions in your lower abdomen has been done and a thin, flexible instrument (laparoscope) has been inserted to remove the Ectopic pregnancy. If the condition of the fallopian tube is bad, the doctor recommends removing it as well. You might need an immediate emergency surgery with a larger incision, if you’re bleeding to a great extent or your doctor suspects your fallopian tube is ruptured. This condition is called laparotomy.

Infertility Counseling: Helping to Deal with Infertility

Infertility can be either in male, female, or in both. Dealing with the fact that either of the partner is struggling with infertility, is a difficult task to do. Infertility counselling helps those couples to feel comfortable, accept the fact, and move on with new hope. It help intended parents to understand infertility reasons, further methods to tackle this situation, and finally to become parents.

Infertility counselling is done by professional counsellors who are experienced with people in infertility situation and know how to address the emotional difficulties a patient going through.

Types of Infertility Counselling

Depending on the stage of infertility process, where a patient currently is, there are following types of counselling.

  • Initial Counselling: In this counselling, an infertility counsellor, usually an infertility doctor, observes the couples’ state of mind and their attitude towards their infertility problem. Sometimes, partner blames each other for this condition and their opinion for treatment options are different. It is the responsibility of fertility counsellor to make them understand that this can be happen with any one, regardless the gender. Once couple got a clear picture about infertility problem, a counsellor further helps them to choose a best option for treatment and its details.
  • Counseling for Confidence Building:If a couple has understood the infertility problem but not sure about the suggested option for infertility treatment, they require confidence building sessions. In this, a counsellor tries to find out the reasons that makes couples unsure about treatment. Usually reason behind this lack of confidence is unknown fear, social aspects, and lack of family support. Counsellor makes couple to understand that this decision is totally of the intendent parents and tries to build their confidence on the doctor who is going to treat them.
  • Psychological Counseling: This counselling is used in some intense situation, where a couple show case an extreme sign of depression. Depression may occur due to marital issues between partners, bad experience of earlier treatments, or any other psychological issues.

When a couple starts infertility counselling, the process may be a combination of different stages.

How an Expert Helps Couple in Infertility Counselling?

Infertility counsellor is not only one who supports an infertile couple in phycological issues but also on medical issues. When a couple decide to use an infertility treatment to become parents, they may not have any experience regarding treatment and may not be fully prepared. Thus, infertility counseling is necessary to make sure that the couple get awareness about requirements of each step of treatment and be prepared for further journey.

An expert can help couples to eliminate their fears and build a trust on treatment procedures. The following are key responsibilities of counselor.

  • Understanding view point of couples, and making both partners to understand each other’s expectations and ambitions throughout the treatment journey.
  • Providing assistance to couples to tackle emotional situations that may occurs in any stage of treatment.
  • Making partners believe in medical treatment, doctors handling the case, and on each other.
  • Counsellor should make couples so much comfortable that they can trust on counsellor and express each difficulty.

How to Choose Your Infertility Care Centre and Expert? http://drshivanisachdevgour.co.in/blog/how-to-choose-your-infertility-care-centre-and-expert/

Is IVF Painful?

is ivf Painful

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a process that involves some steps to treat fertility or genetic problems and leads to conceive a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg or eggs are implanted in uterus of female.

As this process consists of many medical examinations, techniques through surgical instruments; it may be considered a painful treatment. But experience of each women going through this process is different. On one hand, some women may feel cramps and stomachache during the process; while some do not face such issues.

For more details on IVF, contact to fertility specialists ‘Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour’ in SCI International Hospital, Greater Kailash Part 1, Kailash Colony, Noida Sector 63, Delhi.

Generally, anaesthesia is given during operation, so pain in avoided. But one can feel some discomfort during the following process. 

Injecting Medications

Before starting the IVF treatment, IVF specialist recommends various fertility medications. Some medicines are taken through injection near the area of stomach. But this process only involves nominal and bearable pain. Some IVF medicines may also cause some adverse effects such as stomach ache, tiredness, or various skin problems that various person to person.

Egg Retrieval

This is a difficult process for infertility expert as well as for patients. Patients are worried about this process because of eggs are extracted from woman’s ovary that requires to induce some surgical instruments in body. These instruments contain needle and inserted from vagina to stimulate egg follicles. Because of the intensity of procedure, doctors keep patients in half-conscious state to make process less uneasiness. A very less amount of anaesthesia is given in this process. But some women may feel stomach ache and awkwardness after the affect of anaesthesia is over.

Transferof Embryo

In this process a developed embryo is inserted into the uterus. This process has less intensity as compare to the Egg Retrieval process. Doctors use the transfer catheter and ultrasound screen to insert the embryo. This process involves minor pain, but doctor advice to take some sedative pills before the transfer process. These sedative pills allow the woman’s body to be calm and sooth.

How to Tackle Uneasiness during the IVF Process?

IVF process contains various steps, instruments, medications, and restricted time routines that may cause an uneasiness in body. To tackle this situation, generally anesthesia and sedative pills are given by doctors. But patients also can take some measures before and after each step of procedure. Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour suggested some points to avoid discomfort and nervousness during this process.

  • Follow healthy diet as suggested by doctors. Healthy diet provides you energy during the whole process and escape from side-effects.
  • Try to get relax before and after any step of IVF procedure.
  • The best way to relax yourself is to perform some light yoga or breathing exercise.
  • Don’t get nervous by seeing any instruments; these are only to help you, not to scare.
  • Little uneasiness is normal; follow doctors’ instructions to tackle this uneasiness.

 

When Couples Should Think About IVF Treatment?

IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) is a process that provides couples an opportunity to have a baby when other treatments have failed or are not appropriate. But the major question is, what are the conditions and factors to opt for IVF treatment?

There are some medical conditions in which couples should think about an IVF treatment.

Infertility

(IVF) has become an established treatment for many forms of infertility. Infertility can be in women or men both. Usually, infertility means not being able to get pregnant even after one year of unprotected sex (or six months if a woman is 35 or older). Following are some reasons in which IVF is helpful to conceive a baby.

  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage.
  • Ovulation disorders.
  • Premature ovarian failure.
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids.
  • Previous tubal sterilization or removal.
  • Impaired sperm production or function.
  • Unexplained infertility.

Genetic Disorder

A couple can opt for IVF treatment if either of the partner has a genetic disorder that they do not want to pass on to their baby. In this case, healthy egg or sperm is taken from donor and fertilized in lab using IVF.

Genetic Disorder
                                                  Source: redorbit.com

Fertility Preservation for Future Use

IVF treatment is helpful in fertility preservation to freeze eggs or sperm for future use. If either of the partners is suffering from cancer and about to start a treatment, they can arrange to freeze their healthy eggs or sperm, as chemotherapy and radiotherapy can harm fertility. These eggs or sperm can be thawed later and used in IVF once the cancer treatment is over.

fertility-preservation
                                                 Source: obgyn.mcw.edu
Apart from medical conditions, there are some factors that lead couples to opt for IVF treatment.
  • The couple should be financially strong or must have a financial source for treatment; as IVF treatment is an expensive process.
  • The couple should be determined and patient enough to conceive a baby by this method; because IVF treatment may not be successful in one cycle and may require two or three cycles for result.