Marriage is an institution where two individuals get tied in a relationship mutually. When the couple plans to take a responsibility of becoming parents, the period seems to be very golden. But, for few of the couples, the moment of truth shocks them. They realize that the alternative to pregnancy is what can retain their happiness. This is simply due to some of the issues due to which the woman cannot conceive or there may be some complications in any of the two individuals. In either of the cases, the only solution is to make the utmost use of surrogacy in India. Basically, with the help of surrogate mother, the couple can cherish the moment of becoming proud parents of the child.
But, there are certain laws associated with surrogacy in the Indian law. It is necessary to abide by these laws while looking for a surrogate mother or signing the surrogacy agreement. This will keep both the surrogate mother and the couple on the safer side and experience the magic of this scientific yet medical process. Nevertheless, one has to follow the laws related to surrogacy in India prior to accepting this medical way conception. One of the major laws of surrogacy in the Indian law states that no form of trafficking is acceptable, wherein, the person is being administered with narcotics or any such stuff. This is a sheer form of injustice and unlawful activity from the point of Law.
Besides, the lady who agrees to become a surrogate mother should not be tortured or injured as a consequence of trafficking. This indeed is unlawful act and prohibited by the Indian law during the process of surrogacy. According to the amended laws for surrogacy in India, if any person is found guilty as a result of practicing trafficking on the pretext of trafficking gets punishment or rigorous imprisonment. The Indian law is very particular about these amendments because even surrogate mothers have a right to freedom and they should not at all be manipulated by anyone. Apart from this, in no way, should anybody administer chemical substance in the body of surrogate mother to attain sexual maturity! This is a punishable office, as directed by the Indian law.
Over the years, surrogacy has become acceptable in different parts of India, but, people need to be informed about its ethical approach. In simple words, there is a list of offences and penalties which are listed in the stream of law with respect to surrogacy in India. One of the major offences includes the illegal migration of a person as a part of surrogacy. This is not permitted in the Indian law and often counts as the activity under human trafficking. Furthermore, it should be remembered surrogacy in Indian society is just a way to assist the couples lead a happy family. In no way, should people misuse this medical boon because the laws related to this condition are very strict.
Lastly, the couple that wants to bear a child through surrogacy should definitely abide by the Indian rules! In this way, even the surrogate mother will neither be uncomfortable nor will the couple have to witness the law offenses or penalties!
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a procedure which involves checking the genes or chromosomes of the embryos prior to implantation to help identify genetic defects within embryos. This helps to prevent certain genetic diseases or disorders from being passed on to the child before it is transferred.The embryos need to be tested in a lab prior to implantation into the womb, even if the partners have no fertility problems. Embryos which have been tested for genetic defects and are free of the condition will be transferred into womb and allows the identification and transfer of embryos free from aneuploidies to the mother.It also significantly increases pregnancy rates per transfer and reduces the time needed to achieve pregnancy.The embryos used in this procedure are usually created during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF). With PGD testing, embryos created through IVF procedure are cultured in a laboratory for three days until they reach the 8-cell stage. At this stage a blastomere biopsy is done in which one or two of the blastomeres are removed by inserting a micropipette through the zona pellucida which surrounds the embryo.
It is significantly helpful when one or both genetic parents has a known genetic abnormality and testing is performed on an embryo to determine if it also carries a genetic abnormality to the child.PGD provides an alternative to current postconception diagnostic procedures (i.e. chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis) which are usually followed by the difficult decision of abortion if results are unfavorable. It is currently the only options available for avoiding a high risk of having a child affected with a genetic defect prior to implantation.It is consisted two steps, extraction of one or two cells from an IVF-produced embryo and application of the PGD test. PGD is important for doctor and embryology because it has advanced IVF results and allowed couples more opportunities to deliver a healthy child free from any potential genetic defects.
PGD was originally developed in the early 1980s as an alternative to post-implantation prenatal testing. The only other forms of prenatal diagnosis available involved chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and amniocentesis before this technology. Both of these technologies imply the examination of embryos during later stages of fetus development, when the embryo is already developing inside the mother womb. Couples who choose any of these tests must decide whether or not go for abortion if test results suggest positive for a particular genetic disease.In the initial stage of its development, PGD was used as a form of gender selection to avoid having a child with a sex-linked disease. Couples using PGD often choose to have only girls since males are prone to be affected by X-linked genetic disorders. PGD rapidly came to be used for three main groups of inherited disease, single-gene mutations such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anemia, chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome and sex-linked disorders such as hemophilia.
Although PGD was originally thought to be a mechanism to dispose embryos affected by a particular genetic disease.Some couples have used PGD as a means of creating siblings who can provide transplants for their older siblings.
SCI IVF Hospital and Multi-specialty Center is one of the best places for PGD procedures. This procedure is performed under the supervision of Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour in this hospital.